Types of Winding and Lead-out
The step motors are mostly two phase motors. These can be unipolar or bipolar. In unipolar step motor there are two winding per phase. The two winding to a pole may have one lead common i.e. centre tapped. The unipolar motor so, have five, six or eight leads. In the designs where the common of two poles are separate but centre tapped, motor have six leads. If the centre taps of the two poles are internally short, the motor has five leads. Eight lead unipolar facilitates both series and parallel connection whereas five lead and six lead motors have series connection of stator coils. The unipolar motor simplifies the operation because in operating them there is no need to reverse the current in the driving circuit. These are also called bifilar motors.
In bipolar stepper there is single winding per pole. The direction of current need to be changed by the driving circuit so the driving circuit of the bipolar stepper becomes complex. These are also called unifilar motors.