The Internet consists of a plethora of networks (public, private, government etc.) which carry an abundant range of information, services and resources and connect to each other via bundles of data called packets. Everything that we use in our daily lives such as E-mail, Search Engines, VoIP, Peer-to-Peer file sharing are a result of the transference of these data packets.
Shipping packets around the world involves cooperation between different organizations and can be quite challenging. Packets can also be lost during transmission due to the distance, collision or excessive crowding. This packet transfer across the Internet is made easier by Internet eXchange Points (IXP) where local networks efficiently exchange information at a common point within a country.
In today’s world, the word MP3 has become synonymous with music. Almost everyone has experienced MP3 in some way – be it through listening to your favourite songs on your music player or phone, the internet, a podcast or something similar. MP3 has revolutionized the digital music world on its own and even though it’s been around for quite some time, the MP3 still remains the most popular form of music used across the globe.
But first, what exactly is MP3? The MP3 format is basically an audio-specific format which uses a compression system to reduce the size of music files. MP3 stands for MPEG Phase 1 Layer3. Now, even though it’s something that we use on a daily basis, have you ever wondered how it works? Well, this article aims to inform you about that as well as the basic principles involved in the process.
Flexible printed circuit boards are at the forefront of the new wave of electronics found in healthcare, military, and consumer markets.Researchers are continuing to push the limits of possibilities for flexible PCBs, expecting the industry to grow five-fold in the next 10 years.
New materials, such as polyimide, allow a thinner, lighter product with the ability to move more freely.Conductive ink printing allows the elimination of connectors and cables, improving connectivity and assembly costs.The traditional process for manufacturing PCBs requires as many as 6 steps. New knowledge has shortened the process of manufacturing flexible PCBs to as little as 3 steps