Interfacing 4026 with 7 segment display
CD4026 is a Johnson counter IC commonly used in digital display. It has a 5 stage Johnson decade counter with a decoder which converts the Johnson code to a 7 segment decoded output. To put it simply, it will convert the input into numeric display and can be seen on 7 segment display or with LED. It can be used for displaying analogue value such as temperature with pic microcontroller or for counting objects. There is various other applications like in 7 segment decimal display circuit, in clocks, timer etc. Advantages of 4026 counter are: It contains counters and 7 segment decoded in one package, It can be easily interfaced with 7 segment types, Ideal for low power display, Operated at wide range of temperature from 5V to 20V and the biggest advantage of the 4026B counter IC is that it can drive a 7-segment display without needing a decoder driver IC.
To understand the working of interfacing CD4026 with 7 segment display first we need to understand its pin diagram.
Now let us understand the working of individual pins-
1. Pin 1 or clock pin- It receives clock signals and at every positive clock, counter advances one by one. You can provide clock with the switch, 555 timer or with the help of logic gates. In short high pulse on this input increments the counter.
2. Pin 2 or disable clock (clk inhibit) pin- 4026 counter advances one by one by receiving positive pulse at this time clock inhibit pin should be grounded. If it is connected to supply than counter advancement will be inhibited means there will be no meaning of clock pulse.
3. Pin 3 or enable display (En in) pin- It enable the 7 segment display to display the numeric value. It should be kept high for enabling the display. Mean output goes high when only when display enable is high.
4. Pin 4 or enable out- It Enables the carry out pin. In our circuit we have left this pin unconnected.
5. Pin 5 or divide by 10 output- It is used to complete one cycle for every 10 clock input cycle and it is also used to cascade more IC's.
6.Pin 6, pin7 and Pin9 to pin 13 - These are 7 decoded output from a to g used to illuminates the corresponding segment of 7 segment display to display the digit from 0 to 9.
7. Pin 14 or not 2 output (UNGATED "C" SEGMENT) signals- They are not gated by the Display clock and therefore are available continuously. This feature is a required in implementation of certain divider function such a as divide by 60 and divide by 12.
8. Pin 15 or Reset pin- It is used to reset the counter. When it receives high it clears the counter and counting again starts from zero. One important thing about reset pin that it should be again made low to start the counter once again.
9. Pin 8 or ground pin and Pin 16 or Vdd – It should be connected to power supply.
To understand its working assemble the circuit as shown in circuit diagram 1-
It uses a 4026 combined counter and display driver IC which is designed to drive 7 segment displays. When you press the switch, counter starts from zero and it advances one each time whenever pin 1 receives a positive pulse. When you press the switch for first time numeric 1 will display, on pressing the switch again numeric 2 will display, giving you second output. In similar manner 3 and 4 will display. And when count reaches to 9, after that it will again starts it counting from zero.
For resetting the counter to zero, pin 15 must be taken high and then taken low again. The table shown below shows sequence, how each segment glows after receiving clock signals?
CMOS IC can switch millions of time in a second. This may cause the switch to deliver several pulses in rapid succession. But we just want one clock pulse at a time. Therefore we have used resistor with switches which create a short delay. Hence when we press switch it will provide high to pin 1 and hold it until switch is again press.
Resistor is a passive component used to control current in a circuit. Its resistance is given by the ratio of voltage applied across its terminals to the current passing through it. Thus a particular value of resistor, for fixed voltage, limits the current through it. They are omnipresent in electronic circuits....
Seven Segment Display
A seven segment display is the most basic electronic display device that can display digits from 0-9. They find wide application in devices that display numeric information like digital clocks, radio, microwave ovens...