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ADC0804

Image: 
ADC0804 | ADC 0804
DataSheet: 

Analog to digital converters find huge application as an intermediate device to convert the signals from analog to digital form. These digital signals are used for further processing by the digital processors. Various sensors like temperature, pressure, force etc. convert the physical characteristics into electrical signals that are analog in nature.


ADC0804 is a very commonly used 8-bit analog to digital convertor. It is a single channel IC, i.e., it can take only one analog signal as input. The digital outputs vary from 0 to a maximum of 255. The step size can be adjusted by setting the reference voltage at pin9. When this pin is not connected, the default reference voltage is the operating voltage, i.e., Vcc. The step size at 5V is 19.53mV (5V/255), i.e., for every 19.53mV rise in the analog input, the output varies by 1 unit. To set a particular voltage level as the reference value, this pin is connected to half the voltage. For example, to set a reference of 4V (Vref), pin9 is connected to 2V (Vref/2), thereby reducing the step size to 15.62mV (4V/255). 

ADC0804 needs a clock to operate. The time taken to convert the analog value to digital value is dependent on this clock source. An external clock can be given at the Clock IN pin. ADC 0804 also has an inbuilt clock which can be used in absence of external clock. A suitable RC circuit is connected between the Clock IN and Clock R pins to use the internal clock.
 
Pin Diagram: 
ADC0804 PinOut | ADC 0804 pin diagram
Pin Description: 


Pin No
Function
Name
1
Activates ADC; Active low
Chip select
2
Input pin; High to low pulse brings the data from internal registers to the output pins after conversion
Read
3
Input pin; Low to high pulse is given to start the conversion
Write
4
Clock Input pin; to give external clock.
Clock IN
5
Output pin; Goes low when conversion is complete
Interrupt
6
Analog non-inverting input
Vin(+)
7
Analog inverting Input; normally ground
Vin(-)
8
Ground(0V)
Analog Ground
9
Input pin; sets the reference voltage for analog input
Vref/2
10
Ground(0V)
Digital Ground
11
8 bit digital output pins
D7
12
D6
13
D5
14
D4
15
D3
16
D2
17
D1
18
D0
19
Used with Clock IN pin when internal clock source is used
Clock R
20
Supply voltage; 5V
Vcc
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