Simple toll plaza system using low frequency RFID interfaced with 8051 microcontroller (AT89C51)
Electronic/automated toll collection systems are very popular these days. They do not require manual collection and operation of toll barriers. The details about the vehicles and payment are stored in an RFID based system.
This article explains the working of a simple toll plaza system interfaced with RFID. Each user holds a unique ID for his vehicle. When the user scans his tag while passing through the plaza, a certain amount is deducted from his account. A user may also recharge his account in case of insufficient balance. The project has been developed by interfacing RFID with AT89C51. The relevant messages are also displayed on a 16x2 LCD. The free source code for the program is available in C.
Low frequency RFID work at 125 KHz frequency with radio waves. There is a coil inside the RFID tag and when it is influenced by a magnetic field, it sends a 12 byte identity code to RFID reader for further processing. (For more details, refer interfacing RFID with AT89C51).
The RFID tag is used as a unique identity for account of a particular user. When a vehicle drives through the toll plaza, its driver is prompted to scan his RFID tag. If the identity (serial number of the tag, i.e., 12 byte data) is matched with the one already stored in the system, the toll amount is deducted from his account. After this, the vehicle gets immediate access to drive through.
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