GSM stands for Global System for Mobile Communications. It is a standard set developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe protocols for second generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile phones. A Modem is a device which modulates and demodulates signals as required to meet the communication requirements .It modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. A GSM Modem is a device that modulates and demodulates the GSM signals and in this particular case 2G signals. The modem we are using is SIMCOM SIM300. It is a Tri-band GSM/GPRS Modem as it can detect and operate at three frequencies (EGSM 900 MHz, DCS 1800 MHz and PCS1900 Mhz). Default operating frequencies are EGSM 900MHz and DCS 1800MHz.Sim300 is a widely used in many projects and hence many variants of development boards for this have been developed.