An odometer measures and displays the distance travelled by a vehicle by sensing the rotations of a wheel. Odometer consists of a gear assembly and bunch of rings. A cable called the driver cable is connected from the wheel to the gear assembly. When the wheel rotates the driver cable also rotates with the wheels that transfer the motion of wheel to the gear assembly which sets the gears in connected motion.
Fig. 1: Image Showing Gear Assembly in An Odometer
The gear assembly is made up of four gears in contact with each other. The image clearly shows position of each gear. On removing the gears we can clearly see the odometer as shown below.
Fig. 2: Image Showing A Typical Odometer Without Gears
The first ring of odometer is in contact with gear 4 which sets it in motion. To understand how the digits are moved in odometer assembly we need to have a clear picture of their design.
Let’s separate these rings and see how each ring is connected to other.
Fig. 3: First Two Rings In An Odometer
The odometer assembly is made up of six rings. Every ring is connected with the adjacent ring using the same arrangements. To avoid any confusion let us understand the mechanism between the first two rings. The image shows the exact arrangement as to how the rings are interconnected. If we look carefully a white structure is visible. It is a small gear which is covered with the plastic plate. The plastic plate has a small cut through which we can see some of the teeth’s of the white gear coming out.
Fig. 4: Placement and Positioning of White Ring in An Odometer
The image above shows the position and placement of the white gear and the plastic plate.
Fig. 5: Inner View of Second RIng in Odometer
Fig. 6: Shaft Between First Two RIngs in Odometer
When viewed from the opposite angle the image shows the internal structure of the white ring. We can see the two teeth are carved out in the structure.
Fig. 7: Inner View of White Ring
On removing the white ring we can see a clear picture of it from both sides. These are front and the back view of the ring. Every ring has a similar structure. One side has teeth running along the entire circumference while other side has only two teeth.
Fig. 8: Picture Showing Complete Arrangement of RIngs in Odometer
Now, let’s understand how the two rings rotates in odometer assembly.
Fig. 9: Image Showing Gear in Black Ring
After white ring completes 1 round (0-9) , the teeth on the ring will come in contact with the gear present in black ring and pushes the teeth of small white gear. Since the white gear and the black ring are connected with each other, the push on the gear sets the black ring in motion. An interesting question that comes to the mind is how come the black ring moves only by one point. This concept will be clear with the explanation of next part.
There is a very interesting fact about the design of white gear.
Fig. 10: Closer View of Teeth In Small White Gear
We have colored the teeth of the small white gear as black and red. It can clearly be seen from the image that the black colored tooth is slightly more deeper than the alternate red one. The alternate tooth on the gear are specifically carved with different depths. Let’s understand why? After white ring completes one round, the teeth of the white ring comes in contact with gear.
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