In the study introduced, the Texas group describe preparing their new hybrid nanomaterial by instigating with a plasmonic surface. Plasmonics is the domain that exploits the oscillations in the density of electrons that happen when photons hit a metal-based surface. Such oscillations of electrons that are close to waves are known as surface plasmons. In such case, the metal surface is prepared of aluminium nanoparticles topped with a polymer layer embedded with molecules responsive to light.
Such photochromic molecules undergo quantum interactions with the light that can either make molecules opaque or transparent. In the photonic circuit that the Texas scientists created, the metallic plasmonic surface and the photochromic molecules showcase two quantum systems. The interaction or linkage between such two quantums in this design is exceedingly strong. By using such procedures, the scientists prepared a waveguide that regulates the direction of light, crucial to integrate photonic circuits.
The scientists first prepared their waveguide in the nanomaterial with a green laser. They were then able to eradicate the waveguide with help of UV light, and then the rewrite the waveguide pattern again utilizing the green laser. The group believes that it is the first time that anyone has been able to rewrite a waveguide utilizing an all-optical method.
“In our study, we possess the hybrid plasmonic waveguides as one quantum plan and add the molecules to the polymer to cater as the second quantum system,” explains Linhan Lin, who is also the co-author of the study. “Once the robust coupling between such two quantums occurs, we differentiate novel frequencies by simply shining our sample with the UV light.”
At present the sample is a great hit with the UB light and the hybrid plasmonic waveguide cannot work at its resonant frequency, or, in other terms, the waveguide is erased, according to Lin. The resonant frequency will return back once the green laser is gloomed on the sample. ‘In this way, we avail the waveguide working, so we say we prepare the waveguide,” says Lin.
Presently, some engineering is needed to see such rewritable integrated nanophotonic circuits come to fruition. Lin explains that to move such technology beyond the lab, they will require to enhance the stability of such rewritable device and enhance its lifetime.
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