Infrared radiation is the portion of electromagnetic spectrum having wavelengths longer than visible light wavelengths, but smaller than microwaves, i.e., the region roughly from 0.75µm to 1000 µm is the infrared region. Infrared waves are invisible to human eyes. The wavelength region of 0.75µm to 3 µm is called near infrared, the region from 3 µm to 6 µm is called mid infrared and the region higher than 6 µm is called far infrared. Active infrared sensors employ both infrared source and infrared detectors. They operate by transmitting energy from either a light emitting diode (LED) or a laser diode. A LED is used for a non-imaging active IR detector, and a laser diode is used for an imaging active IR detector. In this types of IR sensors, the LED or laser diode illuminates the target, and the reflected energy is focused onto a detector. Photoelectric cells, Photodiode or phototransistors are generally used as detectors. The measured data is then processed using various signal-processing algorithms to extract the desired information.