Relay is a very important device now days. They are used in various circuits and many of us have problem of how to use a relay. With the help of this article I have tried to explain two things firstly the Working of relay and secondly how to use a relay. As we know relay is a device which is used to provide connection between two or more points or device in response to the input signal applied. In another words relay provide isolation between the controller and the device as we know devices may work on AC as well as on DC. However, they receive signals from microcontroller which works on DC hence we require a relay to bridge the gap. Relay is extremely useful when you need to control a large amount of current or voltage with small electrical signal.
Relay is one of the most important electromechanical devices highly used in industrial application specifically in automation. A relay is used for electronic to electrical interfacing i.e. it is used to switch on or off electrical circuits operating at high AC voltage using a low DC control voltage.Relays are available in different operating voltages like 6V, 12V, 24V etc. A relay generally has two parts a coil which operates at the rated DC voltage and a mechanically movable switch. The electronic and electrical circuits are electrically isolated but magnetically connected to each other, hence any fault on either side does not affects the other side.