A capacitor is a passive two terminal component which stores electric charge. This component consists of two conductors which are separated by a dielectric medium. The potential difference when applied across the conductors polarizes the dipole ions to store the charge in the dielectric medium.
The capacitance or the potential storage by the capacitor is measured in Farads which is symbolized as ‘F’. One Farad is the capacitance when one coulomb of electric charge is stored in the conductor on the application of one volt potential difference.
The charge stored in a capacitor is given by
Q = CV
Where Q – charge stored by the capacitor
C – Capacitance value of the capacitor
V – Voltage applied across the capacitor
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