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NOT gate monostable

Summary

By: 
Himanshu Choudhary

Monostable Multi vibrators or "One-Shot" pulse generators are used to generate a single output pulse, either "High" or "Low", when a suitable external trigger signal or pulse T is applied. In this project, this trigger signal initiates a timing cycle which causes the output of the monostable to change state at the start of the timing cycle and remain in this second state, which is determined by the time constant of the Capacitor C and the Resistor R until it automatically resets or returns itself back to its original (stable) state.  This circuit uses NOT gate to generate the monostable mode of 555 timer.

 

Description

 

The NOT gate monostable circuit project uses IC 7404, which has six inbuilt NOT gates. Initially the trigger input T is high, so the output from the first NOT gate U1 is Low. The resistor R and the capacitor C are connected together in parallel and also to the input of the second NOT gate U2. As the input to U2 is Low at logic "0" its output at is high.

 

 

When a logic level "0" pulse is applied to the trigger input T of the first NOT gate it changes and produces a logic level "1" output. The diode D1 passes this logic "1" voltage to the RC network and the voltage across the capacitor C, increases rapidly to this new voltage level. This in turn outputs logic "0" at U2 and the circuit stays in this Meta-stable state as long as the trigger input T applied to the circuit remains Low.

 

When the trigger signal goes high, the output from the first NOT gate goes low and the Capacitor, C starts to discharge itself through the Resistor R connected across it. When the voltage across the capacitor drops below the lower threshold value of the input to the second NOT gate, its output switches back again producing a logic level "1" at the output of U2. The diode D1 prevents the capacitor from discharging itself back through the first NOT gates output.

 

 
The Time Constant for a NOT gate Monostable Multivibrator is given as T = 0.8RC + Trigger in seconds.

 

Circuit Diagram

Components

Resistor Image
Resistor

Resistor is a passive component used to control current in a circuit. Its resistance is given by the ratio of voltage applied across its terminals to the current passing through it. Thus a particular value of resistor, for fixed voltage, limits the current through it. They are omnipresent in electronic circuits.

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Capacitor image
Capacitor

 

 

Capacitor is a passive component used to store charge. The charge (q) stored in a capacitor is the product of its capacitance (C) value and the voltage (V) applied to it. Capacitors offer infinite reactance to zero frequency so they are used for blocking DC components or bypassing the AC signals. The capacitor undergoes through a recursive cycl...

1N4001 Diode Image
Diode 1N4001

1N4001 is a member of 1N400x diodes. Diode is a rectifying device which conducts only from anode to cathode. Diode behaves open circuited for the current flow from cathode to anode. 1N4001 is a 1A diode with low forward voltage drop and high surge current capability. It comprises of diffused PN junction and has low reverse leakage current of 5µA. Its DC blocking voltage is 50V.

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74LS04 | IC 7404
IC 74LS04

7404 is a NOT gate IC. It consists of six inverters which perform logical invert action. The output of an inverter is the complement of its input logic state, i.e., when input is high its...

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