Op-amp 741 is a very well-known as well as very usable IC in many of the projects like amplifier circuits, voltage follower circuits, current to voltage changer or voltage to current changer and many more other applications. So for the proper working circuit it is highly necessary that your op-amp works correctly. So here the circuit that will help you to check whether your op-amp is in good condition or it is faulty.
Principle behind Circuit- This circuit is constructed with the help of much known IC NE555. In this circuit this IC work like a comparator. Pin 6 of the IC is lined with positive power supply. When pin 2 is less than 1/3 of the applied voltage output at pin 3 is high. Similarly the output…
FSK means Frequency Shift Keying. It’s one of the Modulation Scheme used to Transmit Digital Data using High Frequency carrier signal. In this Modulation Scheme bit 1 is transmitted using one carrier signal and bit 0 is transmitted using another carrier signal like· Bit 1 (logic high) is Transmitted using Carrier Frequency Fc1· Bit 0 (logic low) is Transmitted using Carrier Frequency Fc2It means Series of bits (bit stream) are transmitted with two different carrier signals used for bit 1 and bit 0.
Principle behind E-Cricket Circuit- This circuit is mainly for cricket lovers who watch cricket game and want to play, but unable to play due to their phatic schedule or any reasons. E-Cricket circuit shows various stages of cricket like out, six and many more with the help of various LED’s. At the time when S1…
8.3) Voltage follower Voltage follower is a negative feedback op-amp amplifier circuit. It acts like emitter follower configuration of transistor based amplifiers. They provide unity gain to the applied input signals. Unity gain means the output voltage will be exactly equal in magnitude with the input voltage. Voltage follower In the above figure a non-inverting…
An amplifier is a circuit which can produce an output voltage, which is the product of input voltage with a value called voltage gain. An op-amp (operational amplifier) is a kind of amplifier circuit which can perform an operation (addition, subtraction etc.) on the input voltages, apart from simply amplifying the input. An op-amp (operational…
This is a very easy circuit . This can be employed in automobiles as a sequential indicate light. This circuit is constructed with the help of two ICs first one is a CMOS timer IC i.e. 555 timer and another one is the decade counter IC i.e. CD4017. In this circuit astable mode of the 555 timer IC is been used to trigger the counter. Also few other discrete components are used in the circuit.
The circuit presented here operates a relay for Fixed Timer Interval. So the device or machine connected with relay operates for same time. The device once switched ON, automatically switches OFF after Fixed (set) Time Interval when relay switches OFF. The Time Interval can be varied and it is displayed on 7 Segment Display. This kind of circuits can be used in many applications where it is required to operate any device or machine for Fixed Time Interval.
The switch ‘SW’ is connected for testing in such a way that it can close and open the contact with the ground and PIN C of the BOARD_A. The PIN B should be connected with the PIN D so that the INDICATOR module can get positive voltage. Suppose when the power is applied and the…
According to the Three R’s slogan “Reuse, Reduce, Recycle”, we must get aware to save our planet from e-waste. Sometimes we have dead mobile phone but its battery is in good working condition. The circuit given here is used to utilise the battery for mini candle light using High bright LEDs. The main part of the circuit is IC MC34063A. It is a monolithic controller which consists of an internal temperature compensated voltage reference, a comparator, controlled duty cycle oscillator with an active current limit circuit, driver and high current output switch. This IC was specifically designed to be incorporated in step−down and step−up and voltage inverting applications with a minimum number of external components.
In this article I will explain a very basic circuit of Clipper using simple components. Clipping circuit is a wave-shaping circuit and is used to either remove or clip a portion of the applied wave in order to control the shape of the output waveform.One of the most basic clipping circuits is the half-wave rectifier. A half-wave rectifier clips either the negative half cycle or the positive half cycle of an alternating waveform, and allows passing of only one half cycle.
This power saving circuit is used to save electricity while ironing. The circuit will switch OFF the iron box when it is not in use. Once the ON time of the circuit is crossed, it will produce an alarm. If we press the Reset button at the time of alarm it will turned OFF the alarm and extend the ON time of the circuit to the next 4 minutes. This circuit will work as a reminder for those who always forget to turn OFF the iron box in this day to day busy life.In this circuit is build around NE 555(IC1), op-amp LM 358 (IC2) and few components. IC1 is designed as a standard monostable multivibrator and its trigger pin 2 is held high by resistor R1.LM 358 is configured as a comparator. Its non-inverting input (pin 3) and the inverting input (pin 2). Inverting pin 2 of IC2 is connected to voltage-divider preset VR1. Using preset VR1 we can vary the reference voltage at pin 2. Buzzer is connected to the output pin 1. Initially output pin 1 of IC2 is low.
The basic aim of this project is to transmit electric power wirelessly.Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) or wireless energy transmission is the transmission of electrical power from a power source to a consuming device without using solid wires or conductors. Wireless transmission is useful to power electrical devices in cases where interconnecting wires are inconvenient, hazardous, or are not possible.
A person’s inquisitiveness and curiosity can do wonders. It can open a realm of ideas and imaginations never thought before and create something worthwhile. When I was a child I used to read lot of electronic articles and magazines regularly. I’ve seen a lot of interesting circuits and tried as many of them as possible at that time. Whenever a new circuit catches my attention I can’t resist myself trying it out.
Main component of this circuit is IC NE555 timer.IC1 in this circuit works in astable mode. Other components that are used in this circuit are resistor, capacitor, LEDs and transistor.When power supply is on and switch pressed then voltage at pin2 and pin6 of IC1 drops. At the same duration voltage at pin3 of IC1 gets high and LED glows.For driving big quantity of LEDs (say around 50), a PNP transistor T1 (BD140) linked in the output terminal of the circuit.In this circuit we have used only 9 LEDs. We have divided the 9 LEDs in the group of three LEDs which is attached with 82 ohm resistor.
Up to this point, we were developing the basic functions into specific functional blocks according to their requirements. Let’s take a look at what all functional blocks we have, it will give you an idea how far we advanced in the designing processEach of the blocks shown above can perform their own specified functions only. The entire blocks should perform together to give us a collective output. It will happen only when we connect the blocks together in the proper way. Next we are going to discuss how to connect these blocks together so that we have a complete block diagram for the device. From the entire discussion so far you might already have a picture about the way of connecting these blocks together. The IR light from the TV remote triggers the working of the device and who receives the IR light pulses from the TV remote, the IR photodiode.
Ever wondered how those crunch sounds come from the guitars of modern day Rock gods. Well, the answer to this is electronics. So let us go through the history of this “rock” sound. When electric guitars were invented, amplifiers in those days were tube amplifier which unlike today’s amplifiers used triodes or tube valve instead of transistors to amplify signal.
555 timer IC is highly used IC in the projects as it is low in price as well as provide high performance. You can find large number of projects on the internet made up of using 555 timer. Here is another simple project made with the help of 555 timer which can offer you hour of enjoyment.The project is made with the help of NE555 timer along with support of some other discrete components. The project which is shown here is clearly a triggering circuit and with the support of variable resistor VR1 in the project timing is adjusted.
In embedded systems, a simple function rarely exists alone. A simple pushbutton and LEDs controller is useful but if that controller cannot report when a user has pressed a button or share the status its LED indicate, the controllers are not worth their value. Many embedded systems include peripheral devices connected to the microprocessor in…
Light emitting diodes aligned in a form of matrix constitute a dot matrix display. It is commonly used to display time, temperature, news updates and many more on digital billboards. Dot Matrix Display is manufactured in various dimensions like 5×7, 8×9, 128×16, 128×32 and 128×64 where the numbers represent LEDs in rows and columns, respectively.Arrangement of the LEDs in the matrix pattern is made in either of the two ways: row anode-column cathode or row cathode-column anode. In row anode-column cathode pattern, the entire row is anode while all columns serve as cathode and vice-versa pattern is there in row cathode-column anode. LED wafers are glued to the bottom of the segments and glow when powered ON. The interesting part is that 35 LEDs are controlled by using a combination of 14 pins. Conductor tracks are laid all over the board to power each LED. Let’s proceed to know in depth about how a dot matrix display works.