Fountain pens are known among men with a penchant for delicate and high quality calligraphy skills. These come highly recommended for anyone who is new to ink based writings.The royal touch and metallic finesse with which these pens are manufactured is a soft reminder of their rich past, rendering to them an aesthetic appeal of yesteryears. Invented in the late 19th century by Lewis Waterman, fountain pens have undergone several improvisations under several legendary brands like Parker and Sheaffer. Available in multiple designs, fountain pens are very interesting objects.The internal structure of an ink pen varies with each manufacturer, but generally depends on the type of ink filling mechanisms used. Several mechanisms for ink filling exist, depending on the suction method used which could be vacuum based filling or capillary based. Mechanisms like cartridge filling, piston filling, plunger filling and squeezer filling have been widely used.
The history of Ball pen dates back to 1880s. It was John Loud who received the first patent on Ball pen. Technically speaking ball pen is a device, which when rubbed on a paper leaves a permanent continuous colored mark following the direction of the motion. Ball pens are available in various size, shapes, colors and prices varying from almost a few cents to few hundred dollars and even more. Researchers have been working continuously to improve the performance of the pens. Some important performance parameters include the grip, the tip of the pen and controlling the ink flow for longer life. Manufacturers produce ball pen in different shape, size and color. A plastic or a metal casing encapsulates the entire assembly. The tip of the pen is kept inside the outer casing by means of mechanical arrangements when it is not used. Broadly classifying the ball pens are available in two forms disposable or reusable.
The history of ball pen can be traced back to 1880s, when the first patent on a ball pen was issued to John Loud.This leather tanner attempted to make a writing object with which he could write on the leather he tanned.The second innings for the ball pen began with the first and very famous stylized fountain pen. Invented by Cross, this fountain pen is identified as daddy to the ball pens. This invention triggered more of brainstorming that lasted till ball pen was born. Ever wondered, such a small item has given the world so much.